GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE ON GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS

gmo1

 Earlier plants with favourable features were produced by breeding techniques which took several years and involved repeated sexual crossings over several generations, but nowadays transgenic plants or GM plants are produced using recombinant DNA technology which involves genetically modifying the plants to express genes that are not native to the plant or modifying endogenous genes.  As a result of this technology crops have been engineered to be resistant to abiotic and biotic stresses.

Despite the benefits mentioned above several NGO and media organisations are opposed to GM plants terming them unnatural.  Opposition to GM crops is most in EU compared to other countries where food from GM crops has become part of normal diet.

COUNTRIES WHERE GMOs ARE GROWN AND BANNED

GMOs are grown in 28 nations around the world including 20 developing countries and 8 industrialized nations.

More than 50% of the GMO crops are soybean, 30% corn, 13% cotton and canola 5%.

Approximately 53% of these crops are engineered for herbicide tolerance, 33% for stacked traits, usually including herbicide tolerance and 14% for insect resistant using the Bt trait.

The vast majority of GMO crops are grown in a dozen nations, led by the United States with more than 175 million acres. Brazil is second with 110 million acres. Other top GMO producers as of 2015 are Argentina (61 million), India (29 million), Canada (27 million), China (10 million), Paraguay (10 million), Pakistan (7 million), South Africa (7 million), Uruguay (4 million), Bolivia (1 million) and the Philippines (1 million). The other 16 nations each has half a million acres or less. These nations are: Australia, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czech Republic, Honduras, Mexico, Myanmar, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain and Sudan.

Although the E.U. does not grow GMOs, it’s one of the world’s biggest consumers and every E.U. nation imports them.  On the other hand, Russia is the most populous country to ban both the cultivation and importation of GM crops.

Listed below are nations with GMO prohibitions—

  • Algeria: Cultivation banned. Imports banned.
  • Austria: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Azerbaijan: Cultivation banned. Imports allowed.
  • Belize: Cultivation banned. Imports allowed.
  • Bhutan: Cultivation banned. Imports banned.
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: Cultivation banned. Imports allowed.
  • Bulgaria: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Croatia: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Cyprus: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Denmark: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Ecuador: Cultivation banned. Imports allowed.
  • France: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Germany: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Greece: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Hungary: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Italy: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Kyrgyzstan: Cultivation banned. Imports banned.
  • Latvia: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Lithuania: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Luxembourg: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Madagascar: Cultivation banned. Imports banned.
  • Malta: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Moldova: Cultivation banned. Imports allowed.

 

gmo2

 

  • Netherlands: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales (United Kingdom): Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Norway: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Peru: Cultivation banned. Imports banned.
  • Poland: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Russia: Cultivation banned. Imports banned.
  • Saudi Arabia: Cultivation banned. Imports allowed.
  • Serbia: Cultivation banned. Imports allowed.
  • Slovenia: Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.
  • Switzerland: Cultivation banned. Imports allowed.
  • Turkey: Cultivation banned. Imports allowed.
  • Ukraine: Cultivation banned (though laws are widely ignored). Imports allowed.
  • Venezuela: Cultivation banned. Imports banned.
  • Wallonian Region (Belgium): Cultivation prohibited. Imports allowed.

References:

Related posts

Leave a Comment